What is the number of women tortured in Liberation War of Bangladesh?

October 18, 2018
Tortured Women during the Liberation War of Bangladesh

In the history of our war of liberation, we always mentioned that two lakh mothers and sisters were tortured. It is a fatal error. But how is it circulation? Why has the Government not purified this statistic till today? Directly this information is wrong, because nearly four lakh victims of abortion after the war were made. And according to various statistics, more than one lakh rapes have died. So the number of women tortured is much more.

Through the Liberation War Museum, Banglapedia, Wikipedia and other national and international media, it has been published by the Government of  Bangladesh that nearly two lakh rape cases were committed in the war of liberation in 1971. Actually, the process of determining the actual number of rape of the Liberation War was based on the number of missing women based on the police station in Bangladesh.

In ‘The Changing Face of Genocide’, Geoffrey Davis writes, "During that time, two girls were missing on average every day in each police station. The number of police stations is 480, and the occupancy has lasted 270 days. By this way, the number was 2 lakh 68 thousand 200 people.
For the other reasons, the girls have been missing, the number of the concerned board figure brought two lakh! So far, this is the number of official rapes." But after this, the doctor Davis said that the calculation in this regard is faulty.

‘The Changing Face of Genocide’ is  the diary of Geoffrey Davis. After the liberation war, this Australian doctor came to Bangladesh. In 1972, at the request of the World Health Organization, he was brought to Bangladesh immediately after the independence of the country. He came for the treatment of abusive heroin and abortion. He told us to find 3 lakh 60 thousand pregnant  women in our country. Finally, Dr. Geoffrey Davis made statistics through a sample survey conducted across the country. A few sample districts in the northern region, He reports that between 4 and 4 lakh 30 thousand women were victims of the liberation war. In addition to this, a documentary by Dr Davies, later on Dr. Muntasir Mamun came in the book 'Biranganga 1972', which was seriously denied in Pakistan's documentation of Bangladeshi women's rape.

One of the researchers studying warships across the world is Susan Brown Anthony's research articles. In 1975, his response was 'Against Hour Will: Man, Woman and Rape'. The researcher Susan Brownmillar said that the number of rape was about four lakh. He wrote, ‘‘During the nine-month terror, terminated by the two week armed intervention of India, a possible three million people lost their lives, ten millions fled across the border to India and 200,000, 300,000 or possible 400,000 women (three sets of statistics have been variously quoted) were raped. Eighty percent of the raped women were Moslems, reflecting the population of Bangladesh, but Hindu and Christian women were not exempt.’’ [Against Our Will : Men, Women and Rape; Susan Brownmiller; Page 81]
Again, Dr. MA Hassan mentioned about a report in his book "Black Chapter of  History: Torture of  the Women of Ekattor." This report noticed that raped people were two to four lakhs. Referring to his own survey, he wrote, "In the study of 257 people selected from 25 different interviews conducted in 25 of the 42 districts of the country, it has been proved that  2 lakh 2 thousand women have been raped in 1971 alone. The number of raped and abused women across the country is upwards of four and a half million'' ['Women's Torture of 1971: Black chapter of History', Dr. MA Hasan; Topic 1971: Crime Against Humanity, page 3]

On the 1971 Liberation War, he wrote on ‘Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape’, that there was no incident to be lured by mere beauty; The eight years old girl and her 75 years old grandmother were also admitted to the lupus. The Pakistani Army did not cease to show their apathy on the spot; At least ten of every 100 people were taken to their camp or barracks for the soldiers. There was another round of turmoil in the night. Some may have been raped a few times! The exact number of people who died in this brutal torture, and how many were killed, could not possibly be imagined. (Brownmiller, p.83)
Again in another book it has been written that when the victims were the intervals of five-six months they would have been ridiculed, "When my son is born, you must bring him to me". (Diplomat in Bangladesh by Dr. Viggo Olsen).

In 1971, the incidents of rape were broadcast by the Pakistani Army in international media, although the number of reports is very small compared to the total, yet some of them are referring to it. The people of our country who refuse to accept, who claim that 5-6 lakh mothers and sisters cannot be tortured by the hands of the Pakistani Army, the following reports will give some thought to mind:

1. "The Razakars have not kept their activities in the hands of extortion, now they have opened the brothels too. They opened a camp in Agrabad in Chittagong where young beautiful girls were kept in custody, and the Pakistani army officers were provided at night. Also, many girls are kidnapped every day for themselves, many of them have not returned." (Sunday Times: June 20, 1971)

2. "They killed my parents and beat them both with guns. Then three people have raped me and laid me on the floor." that said, one 16 years old girl; a refugee of Petrapole refugee camp." (Times: 21 June 1971)

3. "Chandra Mondal was running around crawling with the girls burned by fire. After a few days he was caught. He was seen in helpless eyes with rape scenes of his girls. Repeatedly, repeatedly, repeatedly." (August 2, 1971, Newsweek)

4. "On 11th April the soldiers came to our village. One group came and took me out of the house to show me what to look like. I do not see my sister again. My neighbor's daughter and a Hindu girl also have similar mockery. In mid-May, they left my sister and neighbor. But the Hindu girl was not found. Both of those returned will be pregnant or with baby. They had to be clothed with clothes, then would have to sleep with the soldiers every three times a day." (New York Times: 11 October '71)

5. "Recently, the Pakistani Army surrounded the village four times, raped all the women between the ages of 12 and 35 and shot all men 12 years old." (Newsweek: 15 November '71)

Now we will look at the writing of several books:

1. As a conservator of eighteen months in 1971, with the help of their friends, Razakars and brokers, they raped and tortured more than 4 lakh women in Bangladesh. Such events have not happened in the history of  the world. During the six years of  World War II, 'Nazi and Festivities' in the whole of Europe, collectively raped and tortured so many women. (The Rape of 71: The Dark Phase of History - Dr. MA Hassan)
2. Nearly three hundred girls were abducted by Pakistani Army in seven days of independence from different places of Dhaka. With the help of the freedom fighters and joint forces, Narayanganj, Dhaka Cantonment and other small towns, around 55 unusual, ill and half-dead girls were rescued from the Red Cross. (Genocide in Bangladesh, by Kalayan Chaudhury, Orient Longman, pp 157-158)

3. Rauful Hussain, son of Shaheed Akbar Ali of Chittagong, of  Pahartali, went to find his father's body in the killing area. They see the body of 10,000 Bengali, mostly the slaughtering of them. They discovered the bodies of about 84 intestines, whose belly was scattered. The image of  such cruelty was almost in Bangladesh. (The Rape of 71: The Dark Phase of History -Dr. M A Hassan)

The temporary position of the Pakistani Army was not counted. That means they attacked a village or  region and massacred  rape. Not completely destroyed, but the number of such victims of the attack was one third of Bangladesh's population. Thus, the number of rape was innumerable, even though the pregnancy was not inevitable at all. Apart from attacking the refugees, the razakars and the Pakistani collaborators had kidnapped a large number of girls. There is a lot of evidence in this regard. Then they went to India and did not return to the country. It is estimated that ten million Bengali people took shelter as refugees in India, and 15 lakh were women. And many of  them did not know how many of them have been victims of rape by local Razakars. So it is understood that the number of abused women literally in the war of liberation was actually a number of six lakh.

Author :

Hasan Hamid

Hasan Hamid
Researcher and Poet, Bangladesh