THE Philippine National Police’s SMART Policing program is seen as a project that will highly benefit the police force in particular and the Filipino public in general once it is fully completed with the end in view of further reducing crimes and improving police crime solution efficiency even after the Duterte presidency is over, the Journal Group learned yesterday.
Broadly speaking, Smart policing is a combination of intelligent implementation of innovations in policing technology while at the same time implementing other existing strategies such as Intelligence-led Policing, Hotspot Policing, Problem-oriented Policing, Community Policing as well as Sector Policing
However, the main man behind the SMART Policing program, Director Cesar Hawthorne R. Binag of the PNP Directorate for Information Communications and Techonology Management said SMART program is an acronym for S-ecured, M-obile, A-rtificial Intelligence-Driven, R-eal Time, T-echology in the organization. The program is being overseen by PNP Deputy Chief for Operations, Deputy Director General Archie Francisco F. Gamboa.
Driven by a vision to fully empower the PNP thru Digital Transformation, Binag said they plan to harness world-class technology in further addressing the problem on illegal drugs, crimes, terrorism and corruption amid significant gains made by the PNP headed by Director General Oscar D. Albayalde in carrying out President Duterte’s marching orders to keep the streets safe and ensure the well-being of every Filipino.
He cited the fact that the country’s Total Crime Volume went down by 41,914 or 18.11 percent from January to May 2018 or a total of 189,533 recorded crimes compared to the same period in January to May 2017 whih is 231,447 incidents.
From January to May 2018, the PNP also improved its Total Crime Solution Efficiency by 8.71 percent or from 59.08 percent crime solution efficiency from January to May 2017 to 67.79 percent during the same period in 2018.
Add to that the findings that from January to August 2018, the number of personnel involved in corruption decreased to 36 or 61 percent compared to 59 recorded in 2017.
“But despite that, we continue to face challenges in the cyberspace or aided by digital technology,” said Binag. He referred to incidents of cybercrimes, terrorism, illegal drug trade and other transnational crime investigated by the national police.
Add to that the external challenges facing the police force specifically the increasing demand for police support when it comes to the government’s response to natural and human-induced hazards such as floods, typhoon and storm surges, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunami, fire incidents, sea, air and land accidents, oil spills, industrial accidents as well as natural phenomenons like the El Nino, La Nina and ‘red tide.’
“What we need now is the real-time monitoring and digital recording of events,” said Binag.
Binag said the SMART Policing program approved by President Duterte will automatically address identified barriers to efficient PNP information management system brought about by limited budget, the organization’s inability to collaborate and cooperate thru shared data, its difficulty to manage and access shared information; its difficulty to integrate since there is no standard format of data and information; the presence of existing silos of information systems and limited information security to secure online transactions.
Another major internal challenge to be addressed by the program is the PNP’s limited radio connectivity which thus forces its units to rely on mobile phones and commercial telephones as well as less secured, less reliable and costly video and data connectivity.
The problem on communication was very evident when Yolanda hit Eastern Visayas and Samar region in November 2013 killing over 10,000 people. The Yolanda tragedy brought out the fact that the then Aquino government failed to fully prepare for the worst super typhoon that ever struck the country as all forms of communications in the region were totally wiped out.
“The world is shifting to digital way of doing things... It is changing the way we live, learn and work,” Binag said as he enumerated the digital ways of doing things referring to digital economy, digital governance, digital business, digital education and digital policing.
Binag said at present, digital policing system of other countries are faster and more secured.
In Thailand, he said that the Royal Thai Police has the world’s 1st 3GPP LTE trunked network. This after the Thai police shited to LTE from analog and converged its command and control to achieve a great advance in development.
He also cited the China experience in Suzhou where eLTE speed up city informatization. As a result of the Suzhou police force’s smart policing which saw it turning to GIS-based precise dispatch, a video-based mobile enforcement, a fronted command and control center with visible dispatch and real-time video conference, a vehicle-mounted video surveillance/call/contributon with a guarantted video quality, the average crime rate in the area declined by an average of 15 percent yearly; a yearly six times police law enforcement efficiency; and with over 60 apps, a maximum paperless operation.
Binag also mentioned the Mauritius experience in digital policing which has turned the island nation in the Indian Ocean into the world’s safest island for tourism. With its system in place, Mauritus is now known as a comprehensive safe city with a national-level command center and private network delivery resulting to a 60x better emergency response time and process and efficiency; a 45x lower road accident rate; and a 25x faster video analysis and processing.