Not keen on aggie

March 28, 2019

Like water reserves now running dangerously short, interest among the current generation in agriculture is dissipating fast.

And this should ring the alarm bells on the prospect of food security in the country.

Considering the still largely manual method of farming that capitalizes on human labor, the decline in the ability and willingness of young workers to go into farming on account of marginal returns and high risks of losses is a grave threat not only to food sufficiency, especially at this time the EL Nino episode, but also to national security.

And so reelectionist Senator Sonny Angara is urging the government to put in place measures that would create more jobs and increase productivity in the agriculture sector to encourage young people to venture into farming.

"Kailangan nating palakasin ang sektor ng agrikultura at palakihin ang kita ng mga magsasaka para mahikayat natin ang mga kabataan na magsaka," said Angara, who joined the Hugpong ng Pagbabago (HnP) campaign caravan in Negros Occidental, which is home to at least six universities and colleges offering various courses in agriculture.

Angara issued the statement after the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA), citing the results of the January 2019 Labor Force Survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), reported that the agriculture sector suffered 1.7 million job losses, which primarily contributed to the decline in the actual number of employed Filipinos in January this year compared to the same period last year.

The survey showed that the total registered employment decreased by 0.9 percent to 41.1 million in January, or equivalent to 387,000 fewer workers, compared to the previous year.

NEDA said this was mainly due to the 1.7 million employment loss in the agriculture sector, which overshadowed the combined 1.3 million additional jobs in industry and services sectors. The country's labor force is comprised of those 15 years old and above, whether employed or unemployed.

According to Angara, the lack of support services from the government to farmers has led to the poor state of agriculture in the country, which makes the industry unappealing to pursue as a career.

"The seeming lack of government support to the agriculture sector is one of the most compelling reasons why we find it so hard to encourage young people to consider farming as a career, and why farmers and farm workers are leaving the field for better paying jobs," Angara said.

The agriculture sector, the PSA said, currently employs 9.158 million individuals. The average daily wage of agriculture workers is P265, according to a study by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies or PIDS.

Angara noted that the waning interest in agriculture among the youth was evident in the sharp decline of enrollees in agriculture courses from 2015 to 2018, which dropped by almost 30 percent.